Jacques Élisée Reclus
(; 15 March 18304 July 1905) was a renowned French geographer
, writer and anarchist
. He produced his 19-volume masterwork, ''La Nouvelle Géographie universelle, la terre et les hommes'' ("Universal Geography"), over a period of nearly 20 years (1875–1894). In 1892 he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Paris Geographical Society
for this work, despite having been banished from France because of his political activism.
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